Consequences of the EU vote: how internal combustion engines should disappear


FAQ

Status: 09.06.2022 10:07

According to the will of the European Parliament, the sale of new cars with internal combustion engines should be banned from 2035. Which vehicles does this apply to? Which manufacturers go further? And: Does that mean the end of the internal combustion engine?

What did the European Parliament decide?

A majority of MEPs voted for EU manufacturers to only allow cars and vans on the market from 2035 that do not emit any climate-damaging greenhouse gases. At the same time, the majority in the European Parliament spoke out in favor of not counting on synthetic fuels, which means that a classic internal combustion engine can be operated in a climate-neutral manner. As a result, the implementation of these resolutions would mean the actual end of the internal combustion engine from the middle of the next decade – and with it a sales halt for new passenger cars and light commercial vehicles with diesel or petrol operation. The goal is to switch to electromobility. With their decision, the members of the Riksdag followed a proposal presented by the European Commission as part of the planned climate package “Fit for 55”.

Is the end of the internal combustion engine a clear deal?

No In order to ban new registration of internal combustion engine cars from 2035, EU member states must agree in addition to the European Parliament – or more precisely their governments. At the end of the month, the EU states want to define their position on the ban on the sale of petrol and diesel cars – the federal government supports the planned decommissioning of internal combustion engines by 2035. After that, Parliament and the EU states still have to agree on a common position in the negotiations the ban on internal combustion engines may enter into force. The members of the Riksdag confirmed with their vote the position of the Riksdag ahead of the forthcoming negotiations.

Why was the measure voted on?

According to expert estimates, more than one-fifth of all emissions of climate-damaging CO2 from road traffic in the EU are caused by the combustion of fossil fuels such as petrol and diesel. According to the plans of the European Commission, this high proportion will be significantly reduced in order to achieve the goal of a climate-neutral Europe by 2050. By then, Europe should be the first continent to emit only unavoidable greenhouse gases and to fully compensate for these few emissions.

Why is the EU setting these goals?

The majority of researchers agree that humans are responsible for climate change – among other things through excessive CO2 emissions. The measures are intended to limit further global temperature rise – to well below two degrees, if possible below 1.5 degrees, compared to the pre-industrial age.

Which car companies have more ambitious plans?

Regardless of the European Parliament’s decision, a number of car manufacturers want to invest entirely in electric cars much earlier. The British brand has one of the most far-reaching decisions jaguar captured. From 2025, all models offered will be completely electric.

Also the multi-brand group Stellantis goes much further than what some politicians demand. This is how the Italian brand should be Lancia return to the international market exclusively with fully electric models from 2024. fiat According to the head of the Italian Stellantis subsidiary, Olivier Francois, wants to sell only clean electric cars in Europe from 2027 and thus three years earlier than previously planned. According to the current status, the German brand will follow after a year later than Fiat Opel. For the French Stellantis brands lemon and peugeot According to experts, such a step would no longer be a surprise either.

In 2030, BMW’s subsidiaries are planning Rolls RoyceToyota’s luxury brand Lexus and Volvo also to offer purely electric models in Europe.

What are the plans of individual states and regions?

In Europe, the non-EU country is making progress Norway particularly fast forward. From 2025, there will be no new registrations of internal combustion engine cars in the northern European country. Given the current share of all-electric cars in new registrations of over 80 percent, this goal appears to be possible.

Five years later want Denmark, Ireland, Icelandthe Netherlands, Sweden and Slovenia Also prohibit new registration of cars with internal combustion engines.

How big is the stock of electric cars?

In Germany, the stock is still manageable. At the turn of the year, just over 618,000 pure electric cars were registered in Germany. For comparison: the number of petrol engines was 31 million, the number of diesel engines to almost 15 million. Only about every 81st car was a fully electric model.

What do the critics say?

Criticism of the European Parliament’s decision comes from the German car industry. In large parts of Europe, there is “insufficient charging infrastructure” for electric cars, said the chairman of Association of the Automotive Industry (VDA)Hildegard Muller.

Of Central Federation of German Motor Trade (ZDK) criticized that synthetic fuels should not be counted positively towards the new limits for the CO2 fleet after the vote in the European Parliament. With climate-neutral e-fuels or biofuels, existing vehicles could be operated in a climate-neutral way. The existing petrol station infrastructure would be in place.

How do environmentalists react?

The climate protection movement Fridays for the future complained about the European Parliament’s decision as a success for their work. But the target year 2035 is “ten years too late” to reach the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees compared to pre-industrial times, as agreed at the UN climate conference in Paris in 2015, activists wrote on Twitter.

“Today, the European Parliament sent a clear signal in the direction of a changed drive system,” says Jens Hilgenberg, head of transport policy at the environmental organization FEDERATION. The internal combustion engine is a phased out model, which must now be clear to everyone involved. From Nabu it says: “EU-Verbrenner-Aus 2035 is a big step and work order at the same time.” The federal government must now take urgent action to ensure that the goal is achieved.

Of German environmental aid If the measure does not go far enough, it will require internal combustion engines to be phased out as early as 2030. Federal President Jürgen Resch explained: “The escalating climate crisis does not give us time to flush millions of new internal combustion engines on Europe’s roads for another 13 years. more is dependent on climate-destroying fuel. ”

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